In the four years since publication, respR has picked up 84 citations.

We are very happy to see the package being used to conduct quality, reproducible science, and excited to see what experiments and data users will put it towards in the future. It’s been especially encouraging to see it used for calculating the respiration rates of a wide range of species, as well as oxygen production rates of algae and corals.

If you use the package please cite the publication in Methods in Ecology and Evolution. If you use it for any other purpose (e.g. teaching, industry use, environmental reports and monitoring, etc.) we’d love to hear about it.

Studies using respR

The following publications (most recent first) have used and cited respR. If we have missed any let us know.

A. M. Hawke et al. (2024)

Having done a lot of both, I love seeing studies that combine metabolism and escape responses! This looked at how exposure to petroleum products affects these parameters in a marine fish. Great example of how auto_rate can be used to extract a rolling rate, which can then be filtered to identify a maximum rate for a fixed period. Great study that ticks all our boxes.

Rubin & Seebacher (2023)

This study examined if BPA exposure affects metabolic rates and behaviour in zebrafish. Turns out lots of disruption to regular behaviour, less so to physiological functioning.

Espinel-Velasco et al. (2023)

Another study showing that respR can help anaylyse respirometry data from really tiny organisms, in this case not just a copepod, but its larvae. Here, they found metabolic rates increase in response to ocean warming and acidification combined, but not separately. Interesting!

Schuster & Bates (2023)

Another nice urchin study, with some bonus gastropods thrown in. This study shows the links between food availability and heat resistance, and the role of metabolic depression.

Dimos et al. (2023)

The preprint on bioRxiv examines how Chinook salmon thermal adaptation occurs, and the role of mitochondrial function. The authors used respR to analyses intermittent-flow respirometry experiments. Looking forward to seeing it officially in print.

Stell et al. (2023)

This study used intermittent-flow respirometry to examine thermal tolerance in largemouth bass. They show that enzyme activity associated with the electron transport system could be another tool to determine thermal tolerances in a way that is a non-lethal, rapid, and efficient alternative to traditional techniques. Nice!

Jourdain-Bonneau et al. (2023)

This study looks at the responses of brook charr to thermal stress, with negative effects to aerobic scope and MMR. Nice example of using the package to extract metabolic rates using specific criteria (high r2, 10th percentile etc) to arrive at a final SMR.

Pettersen et al. (2023)

The preprint on EcoEvoRxiv examines how metabolic rates (or ‘pace of life’) may be passed on to zebrafish by their parents. Looking forward to seeing it officially in print.

Evensen et al. (2023)

This follows up on Nicolas Evensen’s 2021 study paper looking at physiological responses of Red Sea corals to thermal stress. Once again, it’s gratifying to see the package being used to extract not just respiration rates, but also photosynthesis rates.

Márquez Borrás (2023)

Francisco Márquez Borrás’s PhD project used long-term mesocosm experiments to examine how a New Zealand brittlestar species adapts or acclimates to ocean warming and acidification. He examined a wide range of responses, including physiological and behavioural, and used respR for analysing respirometry data. Hope to see these as papers soon and congrats on the PhD! 🥳

Duncan et al. (2023)

A timely and prominent paper examining how oxygen and body size modulate responses to warming in marine invertebrates. Very nicely done study.

Lowes (2023)

Hannah Lowes has already published a chapter of her MSc thesis (see below) on sea cucumber responses to copper exposure, so massive congrats on the MSC! 🥳 Hopefully we see the rest published soon.

Connelly et al. (2023)

This study used respR to get metabolic rates of microfragments of corals to examine the effects of antibiotics on the holobiont community. Great to see the package being used to analyse micro-respirometry data like this.

Perry (2023)

This MSc project looked at thermal microclimates amongst kelp holdfasts, and used respR in getting metabolic rates of a snail and an amphipod. These microclimates seem to provide some buffering against external warming and may be something of a refuge for invertebrates, which is really interesting. Congrats on the MSc Frances! 🥳

Gomes et al. (2023)

This study used respR to anaylse data from experiments looking at the effects of extreme hypoxia on metabolic rate and behaviour in a seahorse. Perhaps unsurprisingly, extreme hypoxia led to a signicant reduction in metabolic rate and also signs of movement lethargy.

J.-H. Zhang et al. (2023)

We love seeing respR used on species we were never even aware of. This study looked at the physiology and escape behaviour of blind cavefish and their closely related sighted species. We were also really happy to see the respR output plots are good enough to be publication quality (Fig. 2).

Quigley et al. (2023)

Really happy to be involved in this publication detailing a new low-cost and relatively simple method for conducting micro-respirometry on corals. Respirometry on very small organisms has until now been costly and difficult and this makes it much more practical, and this should help extend our knowledge of the functioning of reefs. Thanks to Kate for inviting me to be a part of this exciting project.

Holmes-Hackerd et al. (2023)

Another nice study showing how respR can be used with micro-respirometry data, this time on copepod nauplii. Here the authors looked at if heatwaves have ongoing effects on metabolism and development. Turns out they don’t! So these copepods might be quite resilient to warming events.

N. M. Lucey et al. (2023)

Another interesting study by Noelle M. Lucey. This looked at the effects of heatwaves and hypoxic events on tropical species in a reef habitat, and how they can combine to reduce available habitat. Like her earlier study this used respR to determine \(P_{crit}\) of two species of brittle stars under these stressors.

Hawadle (2023)

Abdisalan Hawadle’s summer undergrad project conducted at Friday Harbor Labs (beautiful place, did lots of respirometry there!) examines how temperature and water flow speed affect metabolic rate in two mussel species. Thermal performance curves differed between the two species in response to both temperature and water speed. Nice project, hope you publish it Abdisalan!

Lowes et al. (2023)

A study looking at the effects of copper exposure on how sea cucumbers tolerate emersion during low tides. It used respR to get RMR upon re-immersion after copper exposure, but found no difference with specimens which had not been exposed. Looks like sea cucumbers can tolerate emersion just fine, even after copper exposure. Nice study!

Castrillón-Cifuentes et al. (2023)

This study looked at the effects of hypoxic conditions on corals from the eastern Pacific and used respR to get MO2 and PCrit. What’s really interesting about this study is that it also determined the same metrics using the respirometry package, and we were happy to see that results between the two packages are largely equivalent. It is also good to see the authors varying the width used in the PCrit analysis to see how it affects the results. The width over which a rolling rate is determined from the oxygen timeseries is a really important parameter that is often unreported for PCrit results, so good to see the authors taking account of it. Of course respR makes this easy!

A. Hawke (2022)

Ashleigh Hawke’s MSc project examines how polymers from microplastics affect the behaviour and physiology of marine fish, in the form of escape responses and metabolic rate. Interesting results in that both polymers examained affected escape performance, but only one affecting standard metabolic rate. Congrats on the MSc! 🥳

Somo (2022)

Derek Somo’s PhD project looked at a wide range of physiological functioning in an intertidal fish under warming and hypoxia. He used the oxycrit function to get the PCrit of his intertidal sculpins. Congrats on the PhD! 🥳

Thambithurai et al. (2022)

Excellent work from Davide Thambithurai and collaborators. They found parasite density affected capture probability in zebrafish, with implications for vulnerability to capture in commercial fisheries. As for metabolic rate, they showed parasites increased SMR, but not MMR or AAS. Davide was one of our early beta testers. In fact the zeb_intermittent.rd example data comes from this very study!

Kutti et al. (2022)

This is an interesting study looking at the effects of effluents from fish farms on cold water corals in Norway. It used the auto_rate function to get the respiration rates of coral fragments to establish the negative effects of effluent on metabolic rates, and also showed it has negative effects on energy stores and growth.

N. Lucey et al. (2022)

Another awesome sea urchin respirometry study! This looked at the combined effects of heatwaves and deoxygenation events on a tropical sea urchin, and used respR to determine both metabolic rates and \(P_{crit}\) under these stressors. The authors show that the compound effects of marine heatwaves and hypoxic events, which usually occur together, are devastating to the populations of this species.

Guitard et al. (2022)

Joëlle Guitard and colleagues examined how parasite load affected metabolic rates and escape responses in a freshwater fish. They discovered that parasites reduced metabolic rates and also adversely affected escape responsiveness. They used respR to calculate MO2 and the auto_rate function to do 60 second rolling regressions from which MMR were calculated. Really nice write-up of the methods. Lots of detail, just what we like to see! 👌

Grigor et al. (2022)

Jordan Grigor and collaborators used respR to compare respiration and swimming activity from epi- and mesopelagic copepods and how they may be indicators of the onset of diapause. They found differences in size, activity and metabolism between epi- and mesopelagic groups. Nice work, and another example of how the package is being used to analyse micro-respirometry data.

Klementiev & Whiteley (2022)

We’ve always noted in our documentation that except for the final conversion step, respR treats data as unitless, and it could be used to identify and extract rates from other types of experimental data, and here is the proof. It was used in this study, specifically auto_rate, to quantify \(H_2O_2\) consumption rates as part of development of a system to study biofilm activity. Really great to see the package being used like this.

Paula et al. (2022)

José Ricardo Paula et al. looked at the interactions between ocean acidification, access to cleaner species, and parasite infection and how they affect physiology (MMR, RMR and AS) in damselfish on beautiful Lizard Island on the GBR. Looks like increased parasite tolerance comes at the cost of responsiveness to other stressors such as OA. Nice work. Thanks for the citation!

Joyce et al. (2022)

This study by William Joyce et al. looked at heart rates in larval zebrafish and conducted respirometry trials to determine if altered heart rates were associated with changes in oxygen consumption or \(P_{crit}\) (spoiler: they weren’t). Great to see respR put to use on microrespirometry data on such small specimens - 0.16 mg 😱.

Schuster et al. (2022)

More sea urchin respirometry in this study looking at differences in physiology between green sea urchin populations from urchin barrens and kelp forests. respR was used to determine the metabolic rates of the urchins, and the authors found those from barrens to have lower oxygen consumption rates and also that these populations were more sensitive to temperature changes.

Morgan et al. (2022)

A really cool and extensive study by Rachael Morgan et al. Zebrafish were acclimated to 15 (🤯) temperatures and then a host of traits measured, including physiology, gene expression, and behaviour. They found that physiological plasticity was lost from fish adapted to stable temperatures. Incredible amount of work, and really clear results with important implications for anyone doing experimental work on animals in different temperatures. respR was used to get SMR, MMR, and aerobic scope.

Roche et al. (2022)

Dom Roche et al. review the status of open science and reproducibility in experimental biology and their role in consensus building and cross-discipline collaborations. Very interesting paper and essential reading for anyone doing collaborative experimental biology and sharing their results. They gave respR a quick shout-out as an example of open-source software aiding cross-disciplinary collaboration. Thanks for the citation!

Garner et al. (2022)

This study on Sydney rock oysters and the buffering effects of seagrasses on seawater pH used respR to examine the metabolic rates of oysters under different pH. The authors showed seagrasses boosted oyster growth at ambient pH, but did not do so at elevated pH. So seagrasses may not be able to buffer out the negative effects of ocean acidification. Cool study.

Berger (2022)

Halle Berger used respR in this MSc thesis, looking at the response of the Dungeness crab to climate stressors in the context of a regional vulnerability assessment. They found that respiration rates of this species increased exponentially under higher temperatures. We hope the package proved useful in establishing this from your respirometry data. Congrats on the Masters! 🥳

Wu et al. (2022)

In this study Nicholas Wu examined how an endocrine disruptor in the environment exacerbated the effects of high temperatures on growth and metabolism in zebrafish. He used respR to calculate the resting MO2 of zebrafish under warming and exposure to plastic pollution. Nice work Nic!

Prokkola et al. (2022)

In this study Jenni Prokkola et al. examine the genetic basis of how energy metabolism and life history interact in Atlantic Salmon. This used the respR function auto_rate() to calculate rates across one and two-minute time windows to identify maximum metabolic rates. After seeing it as a preprint we’re delighted to see it published in a top journal. Nice work Jenni!

Burford et al. (2022)

respR (and one of its developers) had a small role in this huge and extensive study by Ben Burford as part of his PhD. Ben used metabolic rate measurements to model the physiological sensitivity in terms of temperature and dissolved oxygen of a squid which occurs across a wide latitude range in the eastern Pacific, and how these may allow for rapid range expansions. Incredibly impressive, wide-ranging work.

Mallon et al. (2022)

Jennifer Mallon is another researcher who took advantage of our open offer to help get users started with respR by sending us a data file. Great to see the work published! They looked at both oxygen uptake and production in corals and coralline algae to calculate net photosynthesis. Really great to again see oxygen production being calculated using the package, not just consumption.

Burns (2021)

Alexandra Burns used respR in this MSc project, looking at oxygen supply capacity under different temperatures in a species of shrimp. Congrats on the Masters! 🥳

Killen et al. (2021)

Excellent summary and guide to best practices in conducting, analysing and reporting intermittent-flow respirometry studies. Essential reading!

Prinzing et al. (2021)

An excellent summary and guide to the best practices and tools available to estimate maximum metabolic rates. Goes into a lot of detail about rolling regressions, and the importance of the sampling window used, something that was instrumental to the design of respR, and is relevant to all metabolic rate calculations not just MMR. Very much required reading if you are interested in respirometry analyses in general.

Ros et al. (2021)

This study looked at how physiological plasticity in invasive species can potentially predict invasion success. respR was used to calculate the Pcrit of native and invasive shrimp. Really nice results showing the invader having a lower Pcrit at higher temperatures than the native, potentially allowing it to tolerate hypoxic events better.

Rodgers et al. (2021)

This study examines the effects of nitrate pollution on thermal and hypoxia sensitivity in European grayling. respR was used to calculate the Pcrit. They show (quite definitively, using three different PCrit methods) that Pcrit significantly increases under nitrate exposure, indicating a lower hypoxia tolerance. Nice work!

Pillet et al. (2021)

This study looked at the performance of the common carp when exposed to heavy metals, and found metabolic rates increased after 3 days of exposure. respR was used to process the respirometry data and calculate both SMR and MMR. Marion Pillet was a researcher who took advantage of our open offer to help get users started with respR by sending us a data file, so we are happy to see the work published!

Petreikytė (2021)

This MSc project examined the effects of salinity on Nile tilapia growth and physiology in aquaculture recirculation tanks, and used respR to calculate the metabolic rates. It’s mostly in Lithuanian, so we haven’t been able to figure out the details, but congrats on the MSc!

Legrand et al. (2021)

Another study we were happy to see examining both oxygen production rates as well as consumption rates. It used respR to determine gross primary production by determining both oxygen production and respiration rate in coralline algae. Take home message: lots of salmon poop is bad for algae.

Ladakis & Chouvarda (2021)

This review on methods in stress assessment studies mentions respR as one of the analytical options for examining respiration rates.

Harianto et al. (2021)

Here, the package was used to calculate mass-specific metabolic rates of sea urchins from intermittent-flow respirometry data, to examine the carryover effects of acclimation to different temperatures and ocean acidification conditions. Can’t say too much about this one, except it’s good to see a package author still using his own tools. 😉

Evensen et al. (2021)

This study is a great example of how respirometry is not all about respiration, and exactly what we were thinking of when we designed respR to handle oxygen production rates as well as consumption. Here, it was used to calculate oxygen flux (net photosynthesis and respiration) of Red Sea corals under simulated heatwaves in large mesocosms.

Durtsche et al. (2021)

This study used respR to calculate the aerobic scope of juvenile brown trout to investigate the effects of egg incubation temperature. We were very happy to see the auto_rate() function being used to extract both most linear and maximum metabolic rates to calculate the aerobic scope, one of the primary use cases we designed it to handle.

Bouyoucos et al. (2021)

This study looked at thermal tolerance and oxygen supply capacity in newborn sharks. This shows a great use for respR outside of the lab, in that it was used to determine oxygen decline from field recordings of oxygen off the coast of Moorea. We were especially pleased to see the auto_rate() function get a mention in the manuscript for calculating maximum metabolic rates.

Y. Zhang et al. (2020)

This study compared the results of different methods of determining maximum metabolic rates. The authors point out minimum sampling window is a very important factor in determining MMR. We always thought this was pretty obvious, which is why respR has always allowed rolling regressions of different window sizes to be performed, with visualisations to see the results of how this affects rate calculations. 🤔

Závorka et al. (2020)

This is a really cool study looking at how warming may affect brain size and cognition in minnows, as well as metabolic rate. Warm fish had bigger brains, but weren’t as good at finding their way through a maze! Awesome stuff. It used respR to determine SMR, MMR and aerobic scope.

Spindel et al. (2020)

We have a special fondness for studies doing respirometry on sea urchins (we feel your pain, especially the spines under the fingernails). This study compared the physiology of urchins from kelp barrens and kelp forests, and found those in barrens have dramatically reduced resting metabolic rates, by up to 40%. Cool stuff!

Rodriguez et al. (2020)

This is another study that used respR to determine the Pcrit, this time of an invasive bivalve, and the authors used it to show that the lack of metabolic regulation may limit the spread of this invader.

Muller et al. (2020)

This study looked at the effects of ocean acidification on a larval fish. The authors used respR to calculate SMR and MMR rates, then filtered the rates according to various criteria (above 80% oxygen, r2 above 0.85, etc.). This is a great idea, and exactly why we introduce the function select_rate() in v2.0, which allows for exactly this kind of application of easily reported rate selection criteria.

Kurchaba et al. (2020)

Amazingly, this is the only study on zebrafish to cite respR so far, which is surprising given how many groups are working and doing respirometry on them. This study looked at the effects of microplastics on oxygen consumption and gene expression in larval zebrafish. They did not find any effects on metabolic rate, but did on the fish microbiome, which could lead to higher susceptibility to disease.

Internicola (2020)

Anna M. Internicola used respR in this MSc project, looking at the effects of microplastics on zooplankton in Delaware Bay. She found, amongst other effects, chronic exposure increased metabolic rates. Nice work, and congrats on the Masters! 🥳

Gomez Isaza (2020); Gomez Isaza et al. (2020)

Daniel F. Gomez Isaza used the calc_rate() function to calculate mass-specific metabolic rates of juvenile silver perch to examine the effects of nitrates on thermal sensitivity in Chapter 5 of his PhD thesis and accompanying JEB paper. Thanks for the citations, and congrats on the PhD! 🥳

Gilbert (2020)

Matthew Gilbert cited respR in his PhD thesis as an example of how analytical tools in physiology are improving and evolving. Thanks for the citation, and congrats on the PhD! 🥳

Negrete & Esbaugh (2019)

Another study that used respR to determine the Pcrit, this time of an estuarine fish. This was an examination of methods of determining Pcrit, both the analytical method of processing the metabolic rate data, and the respirometry method used (closed vs. intermittent-flow). There has been concern that closed respirometry mis-estimates Pcrit, because of the build-up of toxic metabolic end products, and intermittent-flow methods are preferable. The authors showed here this is not the case, and results were the same with either method. Really interesting stuff, and essential reading if you are wanting to determine Pcrit via respirometry.

Harvey et al. (2019)

This study examined how diatoms dominate food webs under ocean acidification conditions. Another study that uses respR to examine both oxygen production as well as consumption rates. The authors used the package to determine net oxygen production by determining both production and respiration.

Burford et al. (2019)

This paper looked for the first time at the effects of grouping on metabolic rate in a social squid. The package was used here to calculate metabolic rates of both individual and groups of squid in a swim tunnel, and also their Pcrit. The very first paper to cite respR - a co-author may have had some influence on that… 🤔

Full references

Berger, H. 2022. A Regional Vulnerability Assessment for the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus Magister) to Changing Ocean Conditions: Insights From Model Projections and Empirical Experiments [Master’s thesis]. University of Connecticut.
Bouyoucos, IA, Trujillo, JE, Weideli, OC, Nakamura, N, Mourier, J, Planes, S, Simpfendorfer, CA, & Rummer, JL. 2021. Investigating links between thermal tolerance and oxygen supply capacity in shark neonates from a hyperoxic tropical environment. Science of The Total Environment, 782, 146854.
Burford, BP, Carey, N, Gilly, WF, & Goldbogen, JA. 2019. Grouping reduces the metabolic demand of a social squid. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 612, 141–150.
Burford, BP, Wild, LA, Schwarz, R, Chenoweth, EM, Sreenivasan, A, Elahi, R, Carey, N, Hoving, H-JT, Straley, JM, & Denny, MW. 2022. Rapid Range Expansion of a Marine Ectotherm Reveals the Demographic and Ecological Consequences of Short-Term Variability in Seawater Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen. The American Naturalist, 199(4).
Burns, A, L. 2021. Metabolic rate, critical oxygen partial pressure, and oxygen supply capacity of Farfantepenaeus Duorarum at their lower thermal limit [Master’s thesis]. University of South Florida.
Castrillón-Cifuentes, AL, Zapata, FA, Giraldo, A, & Wild, C. 2023. Spatiotemporal variability of oxygen concentration in coral reefs of Gorgona Island (Eastern Tropical Pacific) and its effect on the coral Pocillopora capitata. PeerJ, 11, e14586.
Connelly, MT, Snyder, G, Palacio-Castro, AM, Gillette, PR, Baker, AC, & Traylor-Knowles, N. 2023. Antibiotics reduce Pocillopora coral-associated bacteria diversity, decrease holobiont oxygen consumption and activate immune gene expression. Molecular Ecology, mec.17049.
Dimos, BA, Lopez, AC, Schulte, PM, & Phelps, MP. 2023. Local Thermal Adaptation occurs via Modulation of Mitochondrial Activity in Chinook Salmon (p. 2023.09.28.560008). bioRxiv.
Duncan, MI, Micheli, F, Boag, TH, Marquez, JA, Deres, H, Deutsch, CA, & Sperling, EA. 2023. Oxygen availability and body mass modulate ectotherm responses to ocean warming. Nature Communications, 14(1), 3811.
Durtsche, RD, Jonsson, B, & Greenberg, LA. 2021. Thermal conditions during embryogenesis influence metabolic rates of juvenile brown trout Salmo Trutta. Ecosphere, 12(2).
Espinel-Velasco, N, Gawinski, C, Kohlbach, D, Pitusi, V, Graeve, M, & Hop, H. 2023. Interactive effects of ocean acidification and temperature on oxygen uptake rates in Calanus hyperboreus nauplii. Frontiers in Marine Science, 10.
Evensen, NR, Bateman, TG, Klepac, CN, Schmidt-Roach, S, Barreto, M, Aranda, M, Warner, ME, & Barshis, DJ. 2023. The roles of heating rate, intensity, and duration on the response of corals and their endosymbiotic algae to thermal stress. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 567, 151930.
Evensen, NR, Fine, M, Perna, G, Voolstra, CR, & Barshis, DJ. 2021. Remarkably high and consistent tolerance of a Red Sea coral to acute and chronic thermal stress exposures. Limnology and Oceanography, 66(5), 1718–1729.
Garner, N, Ross, PM, Falkenberg, LJ, Seymour, JR, Siboni, N, & Scanes, E. 2022. Can seagrass modify the effects of ocean acidification on oysters? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 177, 113438.
Gilbert, MJH. 2020. Thermal limits to the cardiorespiratory performance of arctic char (Salvelinus Alpinus) in a rapidly warming North [PhD thesis]. University of British Columbia.
Gomes, M, Lopes, VM, Mai, MG, Paula, JR, Bispo, R, Batista, H, Barraca, C, Baylina, N, Rosa, R, & Pimentel, MS. 2023. Impacts of acute hypoxia on the short-snouted seahorse metabolism and behaviour. Science of The Total Environment, 904, 166893.
Gomez Isaza, DF. 2020. Anthropogenic disturbances to freshwater taxa: Interactions between nitrate and additional stressors on various physiological traits [PhD thesis]. University of Queensland.
Gomez Isaza, DF, Cramp, RL, & Franklin, CE. 2020. Thermal acclimation offsets the negative effects of nitrate on aerobic scope and performance. Journal of Experimental Biology, jeb.224444.
Grigor, JJ, Freer, JJ, Tarling, GA, Cohen, JH, & Last, KS. 2022. Swimming Activity as an Indicator of Seasonal Diapause in the Copepod Calanus finmarchicus. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9.
Guitard, JJ, Chrétien, E, De Bonville, J, Roche, DG, Boisclair, D, & Binning, SA. 2022. Increased parasite load is associated with reduced metabolic rates and escape responsiveness in pumpkinseed sunfish. Journal of Experimental Biology, 225(15), jeb243160.
Harianto, J, Aldridge, J, Torres Gabarda, SA, Grainger, RJ, & Byrne, M. 2021. Impacts of acclimation in warm-low pH conditions on the physiology of the sea urchin Heliocidaris Erythrogramma and carryover effects for juvenile offspring. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, 588938.
Harvey, BP, Agostini, S, Kon, K, Wada, S, & Hall-Spencer, JM. 2019. Diatoms dominate and alter marine food-webs when CO2 rises. Diversity, 11(12), 242.
Hawadle, A. 2023. The Effects of Multiple Environmental Stressors on the Respiration Rate of Mytilus Galloprovincialis [Thesis]. University of Washington.
Hawke, A. 2022. Petroleum-derived and biopolymer microplastic affects fast start escape performance and aerobic metabolism in a New Zealand Triplefin (Forsterygion Capito). [PhD thesis]. University of Otago.
Hawke, AM, Trujillo, JE, Oey, I, Giteru, SG, & Allan, BJM. 2024. Exposure to petroleum-derived and biopolymer microplastics affect fast start escape performance and aerobic metabolism in a marine fish. Science of The Total Environment, 906, 167423.
Holmes-Hackerd, M, Sasaki, M, & Dam, HG. 2023. Naupliar exposure to acute warming does not affect ontogenetic patterns in respiration, body size, or development time in the cosmopolitan copepod Acartia tonsa. PLOS ONE, 18(4), e0282380.
Internicola, AM. 2020. Microplastics in the Delaware Bay: Distribution and direct effects on major zooplankton [Master’s thesis]. University of Delaware.
Jourdain-Bonneau, C, Deslauriers, D, Gourtay, C, Jeffries, KM, & Audet, C. 2023. Metabolic and transcriptomic response of two juvenile anadromous brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) genetic lines towards a chronic thermal stress. Canadian Journal of Zoology.
Joyce, W, Pan, YK, Garvey, K, Saxena, V, & Perry, SF. 2022. The regulation of heart rate following genetic deletion of the SS1 adrenergic receptor in larval zebrafis. Acta Physiologica, 235(4), e13849.
Killen, SS, Christensen, EAF, Cortese, D, Závorka, L, Norin, T, Cotgrove, L, Crespel, A, Munson, A, Nati, JJH, Papatheodoulou, M, & McKenzie, DJ. 2021. Guidelines for reporting methods to estimate metabolic rates by aquatic intermittent-flow respirometry. Journal of Experimental Biology, 224(18), jeb242522.
Klementiev, AD, & Whiteley, M. 2022. Development of a Versatile, Low-Cost Electrochemical System to Study Biofilm Redox Activity at the Micron Scale. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, e00434–22.
Kurchaba, N, Cassone, BJ, Northam, C, Ardelli, BF, & LeMoine, CMR. 2020. Effects of MP polyethylene microparticles on microbiome and inflammatory response of larval zebrafish. Toxics, 8(3), 55.
Kutti, T, Legrand, E, Husa, V, Olsen, S, Gjelsvik, Ø, Carvajalino-Fernandez, M, & Johnsen, I. 2022. Fish farm effluents cause metabolic depression, reducing energy stores and growth in the reef-forming coral Lophelia Pertusa. Aquaculture Environment Interactions, 14, 279–293.
Ladakis, I, & Chouvarda, I. 2021. Overview of biosignal analysis methods for the assessment of stress. Emerging Science Journal, 5(2), 233–244.
Legrand, E, Kutti, T, Gonzalez Casal, E, Rastrick, S, Andersen, S, & Husa, V. 2021. Reduced physiological performance in a free-living coralline alga induced by salmon faeces deposition. Aquaculture Environment Interactions, 13, 225–236.
Lowes, HM. 2023. Impacts of Combined Natural and Anthropogenic Stressors on Pacific Intertidal Invertebrates [Master’s thesis, University of Alberta].
Lowes, HM, Weinrauch, AM, Bouyoucos, IA, Griffin, RA, Kononovs, D, Alessi, DS, & Blewett, TA. 2023. Copper exposure does not alter the ability of intertidal sea cucumber Cucumaria miniata to tolerate emersion during low tide. Science of The Total Environment, 162085.
Lucey, N, Aube, C, Herwig, A, & Collin, R. 2022. Compound extreme events induce rapid mortality in a tropical sea urchin. The Biological Bulletin, 0(0), 000–000.
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